Ecological Design leads the Green Development of Steel Industry
According to the information resource network, vigorously promoting the green development of the steel industry is the only way for China's ecological civilization construction and the transformation and upgrading of the steel industry. In the future, in order to form a green development mode and a green production mode, the steel industry must further promote the supply-side structural reform, accelerate the transformation of development mode, and build an industrial structure with high technology content, low resource consumption, and low environmental pollution.
In the specific implementation process, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has continued to promote the creation of industrial product ecological (green) design demonstration enterprises in recent years, and accumulated experience and reference for the green development of the steel industry, in particular, the use of life cycle assessment (LCA) system to carry out ecological design is an effective way to transform and upgrade the industry.
Eco-design refers to the inclusion of environmental factors into the design to help determine the direction of design decisions. The ecological design of industrial products requires that environmental factors be taken into account at all stages of product development, starting with the whole life cycle of the product to reduce the impact on the environment, and ultimately lead to a more sustainable production and consumption system.
"Ecological design is the trend and concept of green development of steel industry." The relevant person in charge of Baogang (Group) Company said that in recent years, the establishment of ecological design demonstration enterprises in Baotou Iron and Steel Company has made achievements in green product development and ecological design, and last year it passed the acceptance of the national pilot enterprise for ecological design of industrial products. Become the only iron and steel enterprise that has passed the first acceptance review.
According to reports, as early as 2015, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology launched a pilot project for industrial product eco-design demonstration enterprises. From the product design, consider the impact of products on the environment and resources in the whole life cycle, so as to select raw materials, production processes and achieve green consumption. And effective recycling and other aspects of the entire life cycle to consider ecological benefits.
According to relevant sources of Baogang, at present, Baogang has built an ecological design center, carried out (LCA) research work on life cycle assessment, explore key points of energy saving and emission reduction in the whole process of production, start ecological design from the source, develop ecological products, and complete A number of product life cycle assessment reports were established, and an ecological design evaluation system and basic database were established.
The relevant person in charge of the national ministries and commissions pointed out that in the process of promoting the creation of ecological design demonstration enterprises by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, even among the pilot enterprises, there is a big gap in understanding and understanding of ecological design.
"some enterprises attach great importance to it and have made remarkable progress and achievements in ecological design over the past two years, but there are also a group of enterprises that do not have a good understanding of ecological design and do not have a deep understanding of ecological design, and their willingness to promote ecological design work is not urgent." The responsible person revealed that the current ecological design pilot enterprises are roughly divided into three echelons: the first echelon, which has already applied for acceptance before and after the Spring Festival this year, and the second echelon, which will apply for acceptance in the middle of the year or at the end of the year. The third echelon may give up the pilot work. It is reported that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will take the principle of having entry and exit and ensuring quality as the principle, and if the ecological design pilot enterprises fail to meet the standards, they will face the risk of canceling the pilot qualification this year.
In addition, the World Steel Association evaluates the life cycle assessment (LCA) of steel companies every year to promote the green development of the global steel industry. However, compared with international steel companies, China's steel enterprises have relatively extensive work on LCA evaluation.
“Domestic steel companies are used to cutting processes into a series of processes, which will neglect some interface technologies and the coupling relationship between processes, which causes Chinese steel companies to focus only on local and end-of-pipe governance, and finally ignore the greening of the entire process.” According to industry sources, The comparison between green steel products in the world does not depend on the merits of specific project indicators, but on the whole process. The focus of the world's implementation of environmental protection in the steel industry has long evolved from a single end-of-pipe or source prevention to a product LCA evaluation system. For most steel companies in China, there is still a long way to go to gain an advantage in international green steel competition.
It is understood that as a specific application of ecological design, life cycle assessment (LCA) has become an internationally recognized green product dialogue language, but also internationally recognized as the best green product assessment method.
Because LCA evaluates the level of energy and resource consumption, which can directly reflect the production cost, so it meets the LCA standard and improves the environmental protection ability, at the same time, the corresponding cost will also be reduced. "Ecological design is the future direction, the decisive evaluation system that determines the green development level of iron and steel enterprises, and the only way for steel enterprises to make intelligent manufacturing and intelligent factories." Experts say that in addition to environmental needs, LCA can also assist green marketing, green procurement, in the case of equal product quality, to provide users with more value-added services. At the same time, the downstream users to adjust the product structure, improve the quality is also very attractive, can effectively drive steel sales, and ultimately achieve environmental benefits and product competitiveness.
In addition, the industry generally believes that the LCA evaluation system is likely to become the threshold for future world steel trade. Experts believe that the future green steel trade barriers will definitely arise, and the early deployment of LCA will help to cope with the upcoming new trade barriers.
It is reported that the downstream construction industry and automobile manufacturing are increasingly demanding environmental protection. Many international steel orders in related industries have seen the need to use carbon emission standards and provide LCA evaluation reports. Therefore, not only because of environmental pressure, the actual demand of the downstream industry is also forced to provide green products to upstream steel companies.
Experts admit that after 5 to 10 years, green steel trade will play an important role in international steel trade, but at present most of China's steel enterprises are still outside the threshold of green steel trade, thus promoting the green development of the steel industry, not only related to The construction of ecological civilization is an important guarantee for China's steel industry to enhance its international competitiveness and become a "steel power."
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